New Jersey Chapter|
Following is a list of 200+ acronyms used frequently in|
the Conservation Committee emails, the Jersey Sierran and in Sierra Club Press Releases
Click on either the acronym or full name for more information.
ACD - Administrative Consent Order ACE - Atlantic City Electric ACEEE - American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy ACO - Administrative Consent Order ACUA - Atlantic County Utilities Authority ACOE - Army Core of Engineers ALEC - American Legislative Exchange Council - CONSERVATIVE ANJEE - Alliance for New Jersey Environmental Education ANJEC - Association of NJ Environmental Commissions API - American Petroleum Institute ARC - Access to the Region's Core - Trans-Hudson Rail Tunnel ARCS - Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments ANWAR - A common misspelling of ANWR. ANWR - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ARB - California Air Resources Board ASMFC - Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commmissions ATV - All Terrain Vehicles BERA - Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment BGS Auction - Basic Generation Service Auction to procure electrical supply for customers who did not switch to a competitive retailer. BLM - Bureau Of Land Management BOEM - Bureau of Ocean Energy Management BPU - Board of Public Utilities C1 Waterway - Category 1 Waterway C3 - IRS Code section 501(c)(3) - Non-profit funds allowing tax deductions for contributions. e.g. Sierra Club Foundation. C4 - IRS Code section 501(c)(4) - Non-profit funds NOT allowing tax deductions for contributions. CAFE - Corporate Average Fuel Economy CAFRA - Coastal Area Facility Review Act CAA - Clean Air Act Extension of 1970 CBT - Corporate Business Tax CEQ - Council on Environmental Quality CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act - Commonly known as Superfund. CCL - Sierra Club Council of Club Leaders - Jane Tousman CD - Congressional District - National CDBG - Community Development Block Grant Program. HUD CDBGDRA - Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Action Plan CDSI - Conservation Delivery Streamlining Initiative CFD - Carbon Fee and Dividend CMP - Comprehensive Master Plan or Comprehensive Management Plan COAH - Council on Affordable Housing CWA - Clean Water Act CWF - Clean Water Fund DCA - Department of Community Affairs DEC - New York State Department of Environmental Conservation DEP - Department of Environmental Protection D&R Canal - Delaware and Raritan Canal Commission DG - Distributed Generation DOE - Department of Energy DOI - Department of Interior DOT - Department of Transportation DRBC - Delaware River Basin Commission DRCC - Delaware & Raritan Canal Commission EDA - Economic Development Authority EA - Environmental Assessment ECG - East Coast Greenway EDC - Electric Distribution Companies EELC - Eastern Environmental Law Center EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment EIS - Environmental Impact Statement EJAC - Environmental Justice Advisory Council ELC - Environmental Law Clinic EMP - Energy Master Plan EPA - Environmental Protection Agency - Fed EPAct - Energy Policy Act of 2005 EIR - Environmental Resource Inventory (Highlands) ERA - Ecological Risk Assessment ERO - Electric Reliability Organization EWA - Edison Wetlands Association FAC - Federal Advisory Committee F&WW - Food and Water Watch FEIS - Final EIS - Final Environmental Impact Statement FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agency FERC - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission FOIA - Freedom of Information Act FONSI - Finding of No Significant Impact FSC - Forest Stewardship Council FWS - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (DOI) GEHWA - Great Egg Harbor Watershed Association FRIP - Field Recruitment Incentive Program (Sierra Club Group) GHG - Greenhouse Gases GIS - Geographic Information Systems GMO - Genetically modified organism GPEP - Global Population and Environment Program - SC GSPT - Garden State Preservation Trust - State of New Jersey GW - GigaWatt (A billion watts) GW - Ground Water HDCs - Highlands Development Credits HHRA - Human Health Risk Assessment HOT - High Occupancy Toll HOV - High Occupancy Vehicle HR... - House Resolution - prefix for bill numbers in the House of Representatives HUD - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development HUD - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development IGW - Impact to Groundwater Standard (see PWTA) IGWSRS - Impact to Groundwater Soil Remediation Standard IPCC - U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IHGS - Intelligent Vehicle/Highway Systems ITS - Intelligent Transportation Systems JCP&L - Jersey Central Power and Light KIG - Keep it Green Keystone XL (KXL) - Keystone oil pipeline extension - From the Keystone terminal in Canada to Texas kWh - Kilowatt-Hours - Standard unit for billing electrical usage LCAPP - Long Term Capacity Agreement Pilot Program - NJ Financial incentives for building new power plants. LCV - League of Conservation Voters LD - Legislative District - State Senate and Assembly Districts LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design - (US Green Building Council) LNG - Liquified Natural Gas LOI - Letter of interpretation LTE - Letter to the Editor LUL - Land Use Law LWG - League of Women Voters MERI - Meadowlands Environmental Research Institute MLUL - NJ Municipal Land Use Law MOA - Memorandum of Agreement MOU - Memorandum of Understanding MW - MegaWatts - A Million Watts NEPA - National Environmental Policy Act NERA - National Economic Research Associates NERC - North American Electric Reliability Council NIETC - National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor NIMBY - Not in My Back Yard N.J.A.C - New Jersey Administrative Code NJAC - New Jersey Association of Counties NJEF - New Jersey Environmental Federation NJDEP - New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection NJCF - New Jersey Conservation Foundation NJDEPE - New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy NJEDA - NJ Economic Development Authority NJDEPES - A common misspelling of NJPDES NJLOM - NJ League of Municipalities NJPDES - New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPDES - National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPS - National Park Service (DOI) NRA - National Recreation Area (e.g. Delaware Water Gap & Gateway) NRA - National Rifle Association NPS - National Park Service NRCS - Natural Resources Conservation Service (nrcs.usda.gov) New Jersey NRD - Natural Resource Damages NRDA - Natural Resource Damage Assessment NRDC - National Resources Defense Council NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory. NRRB - EPA's National Remedy Review Board NWF - National Wildlife Federation NWR - National Wildlife Refuge NSPS - New Source Performance Standards - Air pollution emission standards OCC - Ocean County College OPRA - Open Public Records Act ORD - Office of Resource Development (DEP) ORECs - Offshore Renewable Energy Credits OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration - Home OWEDA - Offshore Wind Economic Development Act PCM - People’s Climate March PEER - Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (NJ) PILOT - Payment in Lieu of TaxesOther Terms: From "Land Use and Preservation in New Jersey: A Beginner's Guide" and other sources.
C1 Waterway: Category One Waterway. Classification used for a waterway determined to be of high environmental value, and offering it the highest level of protection in the state, including a three hundred foot buffer between the water's edge and any new development.
Clean Water Act: Federal legislation authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency primary responsibility for regulating the release of pollutants into U.S. waterways. New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection assumed responsibility for Clean Water Act regulations.
DEP: The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection; the state agency that oversees the regulation of environmental laws.
Endangered Species: Species whose prospects for survival are in immediate danger and thus need assistance to prevent future extinction. Species can be listed at the Federal level, State level, or both.
Environmental Assessment (EA): Short report detailing the proposed development plan, the site, and potential environmental impacts. There are three outcomes: a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI); a Mitigated FONSI (in which the project can go forward provided some changes are made); and the need for an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).
Environmental Impact Statement (EIS): Detailed document, required under the federal National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), describing the proposed project, environmental, demographic and economic impacts, and all possible alternatives. An EIS requires public hearings after the draft (DEIS) is released. All questions asked by the public and by private agencies during the comment period must be answered in writing before the final EIS (FEIS) is released.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Mapping technology that allows the user to create and interact with a variety of maps and data sources.
Green Acres Program: New Jersey's Green Acres Program provides a source of matching funds for counties and municipalities to preserve open space for passive and active recreation.
Ground Water - Rainwater runoff that seeps into the ground to become ground water. Ground water moves into water-filled layers of porous geologic formations called aquifers.
Historic Designation : Local or state recognition deeming a site, structure, or area as having historical, archaeological or architectural significance.
IMAP: A brand of GIS mapping software.
Master Plan: A document describing the land use rules for every parcel in a municipality
MLUL: Municipal Land Use Law, New Jersey's set of rules that govern development.
NIMBY : Stands for "Not in My Back Yard" and refers to an organization or person opposing a development only because it is in their immediate area.
Nonpoint Source Pollution - Contamination that results from everyday activities such as fertilizing the lawn, walking pets, changing motor oil and littering. With each rainfall, pollutants generated by these activities are washed into storm drains that flow into our waterways and ocean.
Open Space: Land in a predominantly open and undeveloped condition that is suitable for use as a natural area, wildlife and native plant habitat, or for passive or active recreation. Open space can include wetlands, watersheds, and stream corridors.
Ordinance: A municipal regulation or requirement. A zoning ordinance, for example, details what can and cannot be built in specific areas of a municipality.
Permit: A formal document granting permission. Permits are issued by municipalities, states, and by the federal government.
Pro Bono: Latin, "for the good." In legal terms, pro bono means "at no cost."
Riparian Area - Riparian areas are ecosystems adjacent to a river or waterway that, in an undisturbed state, provide habitat for wildlife and help improve water quality. Riparian areas are usually transitional zones between wetland and upland areas and are generally comprised of grasses, shrubs, trees, or a mix of vegetation types that exist within a variety of landscapes (e.g., natural, agricultural, forested, suburban, and urban).
ROSI: Recreation and Open Space Inventory. A listing of all Green Acres-funded properties as well as all other municipal land held for conservation and/or recreation purposes.
SLAPP: Strategic Lawsuit against Public Participation. Litigation initiated by an agency more powerful than the citizens attempting to stop it for the purpose of shutting down opposition to a project.
Soil Map: A map showing distribution of soil types and/or soil properties (soil pH, textures, organic matter, etc.)
Surface Water - Water in lakes and streams
Threatened Species: Those species that may become endangered if conditions surrounding them begin to or continue to deteriorate.
Waiver: An exception to municipal or state regulations that allows non-compliance with a specific ordinance or rule.
Watershed - The area of land that drains into a body of water
Wetlands: A wetland is defined by a high water table, waterlogged soil, and vegetation that can survive frequent inundation. Wetlands are protected by the federal Clean Water Act and include marshes, swamps, bogs, and forests where repeated flooding is common.