Sierra Club Home Page New Jersey Chapter
Environmental Glossary
 
Explore, enjoy and protect the planet
You will see the following acronyms used frequently in
the Conservation Committee emails, the Jersey Sierran and in Press Releases

Click on either the acronym or full name for more information.

ACD - Administrative Consent Order
ACE - Atlantic City Electric 
ACEEE - American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
ACO - Administrative Consent Order
ACUA - Atlantic County Utilities Authority
ACOE - Army Core of Engineers
ALEC - American Legislative Exchange Council - CONSERVATIVE
ANJEE - Alliance for New Jersey Environmental Education
ANJEC - Association of NJ Environmental Commissions
ARC - Access to the Region's Core - Trans-Hudson Rail Tunnel
ARCS - Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments
ANWAR - A common misspelling of ANWR.
ANWR - Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
ARB - California Air Resources Board
ASMFC - Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commmissions
ATV - All Terrain Vehicles
BERA - Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment
BGS Auction - Basic Generation Service Auction to procure electrical supply for
     customers who did not switch to a competitive retailer.
BLM - Bureau Of Land Management
BOEM - Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
BPU - Board of Public Utilities
C1 Waterway - Category 1 Waterway
C3 - IRS Code section 501(c)(3) - Non-profit funds 
     allowing tax deductions for contributions. e.g. Sierra Club Foundation.
C4 - IRS Code section 501(c)(4) - Non-profit funds 
     NOT allowing tax deductions for contributions.
CAFE - Corporate Average Fuel Economy
CAFRA - Coastal Area Facility Review Act
CAA - Clean Air Act Extension of 1970 
CBT - Corporate Business Tax
CEQ - Council on Environmental Quality
CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
    - Commonly known as Superfund.
CCL - Sierra Club Council of Club Leaders - Jane Tousman
CD - Congressional District - National
CDBG - Community Development Block Grant Program. HUD
CDBGDRA - Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery Action Plan
CDSI - Conservation Delivery Streamlining Initiative
CFD - Carbon Fee and Dividend 
CMP - Comprehensive Master Plan
      or Comprehensive Management Plan
COAH - Council on Affordable Housing
CWA - Clean Water Act
CWF - Clean Water Fund
DCA - Department of Community Affairs
DEP - Department of Environmental Protection
D&R Canal - Delaware and Raritan Canal Commission
DG - Distributed Generation  
DOE - Department of Energy
DOI - Department of Interior
DOT - Department of Transportation
DRBC - Delaware River Basin Commission
DRCC - Delaware & Raritan Canal Commission
EDA - Economic Development Authority
EA - Environmental Assessment
ECG - East Coast Greenway
EDC - Electric Distribution Companies
EELC - Eastern Environmental Law Center
EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment
EIS - Environmental Impact Statement
EJAC - Environmental Justice Advisory Council 
ELC - Environmental Law Clinic
EMP - Energy Master Plan
EPA - Environmental Protection Agency - Fed
EPAct - Energy Policy Act of 2005
EIR - Environmental Resource Inventory (Highlands)
ERA - Ecological Risk Assessment
ERO - Electric Reliability Organization
EWA - Edison Wetlands Association
FAC - Federal Advisory Committee
F&WW - Food and Water Watch
FEIS - Final EIS - Final Environmental Impact Statement
FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agency
FERC - Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FOIA - Freedom of Information Act
FOIA - Freedom of Information Act
FONSI - Finding of No Significant Impact
FSC - Forest Stewardship Council
FWS - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (DOI)
GEHWA - Great Egg Harbor Watershed Association
FRIP - Field Recruitment Incentive Program (Sierra Club Group)
GHG - Greenhouse Gases
GIS - Geographic Information Systems
GMO - Genetically modified organism
GPEP - Global Population and Environment Program - SC
GSPT - Garden State Preservation Trust - State of New Jersey
GW - GigaWatt (A billion watts)
GW - Ground Water
HDCs - Highlands Development Credits
HHRA - Human Health Risk Assessment
HOT - High Occupancy Toll 
HOV - High Occupancy Vehicle
HR... - House Resolution - prefix for bill numbers in the House of Representatives
HUD - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
HUD - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
IGW - Impact to Groundwater Standard (see PWTA)
IGWSRS - Impact to Groundwater Soil Remediation Standard
IPCC - U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IHGS - Intelligent Vehicle/Highway Systems
ITS - Intelligent Transportation Systems
JCP&L - Jersey Central Power and Light 
Keystone XL (KXL) - Keystone oil pipeline extension
                   - From the Keystone terminal in Canada to Texas
kWh - Kilowatt-Hours - Standard unit for billing electrical usage
LCAPP - Long Term Capacity Agreement Pilot Program - NJ
    Financial incentives for building new power plants.
LCV - League of Conservation Voters
LD - Legislative District - State Senate and Assembly Districts 
LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design - (US Green Building Council)
LNG - Liquified Natural Gas
LOI - Letter of interpretation
LTE - Letter to the Editor
LUL - Land Use Law
LWG - League of Women Voters
MERI - Meadowlands Environmental Research Institute
MLUL - NJ Municipal Land Use Law
MOA - Memorandum of Agreement
MOU - Memorandum of Understanding
MW - MegaWatts - A Million Watts
NEPA - National Environmental Policy Act
NERA - National Economic Research Associates
NERC - North American Electric Reliability Council
NIETC - National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor 
NIMBY - Not in My Back Yard
N.J.A.C - New Jersey Administrative Code
NJAC - New Jersey Association of Counties
NJEF - New Jersey Environmental Federation
NJDEP - New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
NJCF - New Jersey Conservation Foundation
NJDEPE - New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy 
NJEDA - NJ Economic Development Authority
NJDEPES - A common misspelling of NJPDES
NJLOM - NJ League of Municipalities 
NJPDES - New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NPDES - National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NPS - National Park Service (DOI)
NRA - National Recreation Area (e.g. Delaware Water Gap & Gateway)
NRA - National Rifle Association
NPS - National Park Service
NRCS - Natural Resources Conservation Service (nrcs.usda.gov) New Jersey
NRDC - National Resources Defense Council
NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
NRRB - EPA's National Remedy Review Board
NWF - National Wildlife Federation
NWR - National Wildlife Refuge
NSPS - New Source Performance Standards - Air pollution emission standards
OPRA - Open Public Records Act 
ORECs - Offshore Renewable Energy Credits
OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration - Home
OWEDA - Offshore Wind Economic Development Act 
PCM - People’s Climate March
PILOT - Payment in Lieu of Taxes
  funding for municipalities with preserved open space. Pinelands CMP - Pinelands Comprehensive Management Plan PMC - Pinelands Municipal Council PPA - Pinelands Preservation Alliance PJM - Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection an independent regional transmission organizations (RTO) coordinating the movement of power through the transmission network across and within its region and reporting to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) PSE&G - Public Service Electric and Gas PWTA - Private Well Testing Act RCRA - Resource Conservation and Recovery Act REC - Renewable Energy Certificate RGGI - Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative RECO - Rockland Electric Company RES - Renewable Energy Standard (See also RPS) RMP - Regional Master Plan ROSI - Recreation and Open Space Inventory - Green Acres RPS - Renewable Portfolio Standard RRC - Rural Residential Center RREM - Rehabilitation, Reconstruction, Elevation and Mitigation RRO - Regional Reliability Organizations - NREC Regional Entities RTO - Regional Transmission Organization e.g. PJM Single stream - Put all recyclables together SIP - State Implementation Plan SJG - South Jersey Gas SHPO - State Historic Preservation Office SAGE - Sustainability and Green Energy SLAPP - Strategic lawsuits against public participation SREC - Solar Renewable Energy Credits SPLP - Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure SVOCs - Semi-VOCs TCIA - Tree Care Industry Association TDM - Transportation Demand Management TDR - Transfer of Development Rights TEAC - Transmission Expansion Advisory Committee TGP - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company TID - Transit Improvement Districts TMDL - Total Maximum Daily Load TOD - Transit Oriented Development TPL - Trust for Public Land TPP - Trans-Pacific Partnership Transco - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC, a division of TWA - Williams Energy (see Leidy Southeast Expansion Project) USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture USFS - U.S. Forest Service (part of USDA) VOC - Volatile Organic Compounds WMA - Wildlife Management Area WMA - Watershed Management Area WQMP - Water Quality Management Plan
Other Terms: From "Land Use and Preservation in New Jersey: A Beginner's Guide" and other sources.

C1 Waterway: Category One Waterway. Classification used for a waterway determined to be of high environmental value, and offering it the highest level of protection in the state, including a three hundred foot buffer between the water's edge and any new development.

Clean Water Act: Federal legislation authorizing the Environmental Protection Agency primary responsibility for regulating the release of pollutants into U.S. waterways. New Jersey's Department of Environmental Protection assumed responsibility for Clean Water Act regulations.

DEP: The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection; the state agency that oversees the regulation of environmental laws.

Endangered Species: Species whose prospects for survival are in immediate danger and thus need assistance to prevent future extinction. Species can be listed at the Federal level, State level, or both.

Environmental Assessment (EA): Short report detailing the proposed development plan, the site, and potential environmental impacts. There are three outcomes: a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI); a Mitigated FONSI (in which the project can go forward provided some changes are made); and the need for an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

Environmental Impact Statement (EIS): Detailed document, required under the federal National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), describing the proposed project, environmental, demographic and economic impacts, and all possible alternatives. An EIS requires public hearings after the draft (DEIS) is released. All questions asked by the public and by private agencies during the comment period must be answered in writing before the final EIS (FEIS) is released.

Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Mapping technology that allows the user to create and interact with a variety of maps and data sources.

Green Acres Program: New Jersey's Green Acres Program provides a source of matching funds for counties and municipalities to preserve open space for passive and active recreation.

Ground Water - Rainwater runoff that seeps into the ground to become ground water. Ground water moves into water-filled layers of porous geologic formations called aquifers.

Historic Designation : Local or state recognition deeming a site, structure, or area as having historical, archaeological or architectural significance.

IMAP: A brand of GIS mapping software.

LEED: Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. A certification process for environmentally-friendly and energy efficient buildings developed by the US Green Building Council (USGBC).

Master Plan: A document describing the land use rules for every parcel in a municipality

MLUL: Municipal Land Use Law, New Jersey's set of rules that govern development.

NIMBY : Stands for "Not in My Back Yard" and refers to an organization or person opposing a development only because it is in their immediate area.

Nonpoint Source Pollution - Contamination that results from everyday activities such as fertilizing the lawn, walking pets, changing motor oil and littering. With each rainfall, pollutants generated by these activities are washed into storm drains that flow into our waterways and ocean.

Open Space: Land in a predominantly open and undeveloped condition that is suitable for use as a natural area, wildlife and native plant habitat, or for passive or active recreation. Open space can include wetlands, watersheds, and stream corridors.

Ordinance: A municipal regulation or requirement. A zoning ordinance, for example, details what can and cannot be built in specific areas of a municipality.

Permit: A formal document granting permission. Permits are issued by municipalities, states, and by the federal government.

Pro Bono: Latin, "for the good." In legal terms, pro bono means "at no cost."

Riparian Area - Riparian areas are ecosystems adjacent to a river or waterway that, in an undisturbed state, provide habitat for wildlife and help improve water quality. Riparian areas are usually transitional zones between wetland and upland areas and are generally comprised of grasses, shrubs, trees, or a mix of vegetation types that exist within a variety of landscapes (e.g., natural, agricultural, forested, suburban, and urban).

ROSI: Recreation and Open Space Inventory. A listing of all Green Acres-funded properties as well as all other municipal land held for conservation and/or recreation purposes.

SLAPP: Strategic Lawsuit against Public Participation. Litigation initiated by an agency more powerful than the citizens attempting to stop it for the purpose of shutting down opposition to a project.

Soil Map: A map showing distribution of soil types and/or soil properties (soil pH, textures, organic matter, etc.)

Surface Water - Water in lakes and streams

Threatened Species: Those species that may become endangered if conditions surrounding them begin to or continue to deteriorate.

Waiver: An exception to municipal or state regulations that allows non-compliance with a specific ordinance or rule.

Watershed - The area of land that drains into a body of water

Wetlands: A wetland is defined by a high water table, waterlogged soil, and vegetation that can survive frequent inundation. Wetlands are protected by the federal Clean Water Act and include marshes, swamps, bogs, and forests where repeated flooding is common.

Contacts:
NJ Chapter Issue Coordinators

Glossaries:
NRDC: Glossary of Environmental Terms
List of Acronyms | US EPA
Glossary of Environmental Terms | Calif. Dept. of Toxic Substances Control
Environmental Acronyms | AGC - The Associated General Contractors of AmericaAcronymFinder

  Page Last Modified 10/22/2014